Dental caries: What are they, and how can you treat them?

  • By Regenerate Enamel Science

Caries is one of the most common dental complications that can not only ruin the appearance of your teeth but also cause them to become damaged and extremely sensitive to outside triggers. Luckily, it is also one of the most preventable diseases. Here we'll share some common dental caries symptoms and key caries treatment options your dentist can offer which can help with this condition. As always, prevention is better than cure, so our caries prevention methods can help you avoid this unpleasant problem.

What is dental caries? 

When it comes to answering the question, “what is caries?” the answer is straightforward. Caries is a scientific term used to describe tooth decay and cavities. Dental caries is caused by specific type of bacteria which produce acid capable of damaging your teeth enamel and the layer beneath it called dentine. This can have a detrimental effect on your teeth without the proper oral health care.

Dental caries causes and symptoms

Understanding what causes caries is simpler than you may think. Your mouth contains bacteria, which if left unchecked can damage the protective layer of your teeth. While you might enjoy a spicy cinnamon latte in winter or a sneaky late-night sugary snack, the things you ingest can actually help the bacteria to build up and lead to plaque.

Plaque is a sticky film made up of bacteria, proteins in your saliva, and food debris. After digesting the food, the bacteria release an acid which can dissolve the calcium in a tooth. If not properly cleaned away, this acid can cause your tooth to begin to decay, and a hole or cavity to form.

Caries are an unpleasant thing to have to deal with and can result in a variety of symptoms, including the following:

  • Toothache
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Bad breath
  • A nasty taste in your mouth


what is caries broken glass tooth

Dental caries treatment

As caries are irreversible, you can only sort them out with professional treatment options from your dentist. Dental caries treatment options vary depending on the damage to your teeth, and include the following: 

  • For small caries, dentists simply need to give your tooth a filling. They drill away the decaying part of the tooth prior to filling the cavity using a strong filling, often made of porcelain, silver, gold, or amalgam. 
  • For more extensive caries, a more advanced treatment is required, known as a root canal treatment. After giving you a local anaesthetic, your dentist will remove bacteria from the root canal system. After completing the cleaning process, your dentist will seal the tooth with a filling or crown. 
  • Unfortunately, if the caries is past a stage at which it can be treated, you may need to have a full tooth extraction. 

Dental caries prevention methods 

Dental caries can happen to anyone for a variety of reasons to people of all ages, therefore protecting your teeth from damage is key. In order to take the best care of your teeth, you need products that protect and strengthen your teeth enamel. REGENERATE Enamel Science™ is the first system able to regenerate enamel mineral¹ with exactly the same mineral that tooth enamel is made of.

Regenerate’s Advanced Toothpaste protects and strengthens against cavities, for 3 times stronger teeth, as demonstrated in an in vitro test measuring enamel hardness, versus standard fluoride toothpaste². The use of the Advanced Toothpaste in combination with the Regenerate’s Advanced Enamel Serum provides significant increase in enamel hardness, with 82%³ recovery of enamel hardness after 3 days.

So now that you know what causes caries in your teeth, you can take preventative measures to protect your teeth. This article should also have helped you understand treatment options, should you need your dentist to deal with caries in the future.

¹Acts on early invisible stages of enamel erosion. Helps to regenerate enamel by restoring its mineral content and micro hardness with regular use. Clinically proven.
²Hornby K, Ricketts SR, Philpotts CJ, Joiner A, Schemehorn B, Willson R. Enhanced enamel benefits from a novel toothpaste and dual phase gel containing calcium silicate and sodium phosphate salts. Journal of Dentistry 2014;42(Suppl 1):S39-45.
³Based on an in-vitro test measuring enamel hardness after 3 days combined use of Toothpaste and Serum.

The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice; it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist If you are experiencing any oral health problems.

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